London’s Architecture: Learn About Its Brief History

Every single year millions of travellers go to London to take in the city’s culture and history. 

Tourists love London for many reasons, with one being the buildings. 

Many of these buildings can be seen from across the city. But how much do you actually know about the city’s architecture? 

With that said, let’s discuss the different architectural styles you can see throughout the city. 


Baroque Buildings in London

Baroque designs are not the first architectural style introduced to London, but these designs are among some of the oldest. 

After the Great Fire occurred in 1666, around half of the buildings in London were destroyed. Christopher Wren was one of the prominent figures that undertook the task of rebuilding the city. 

Wren was a world-renowned architect, and he is the man behind many of the top 17th century buildings in the UK. Parts of the Hampton Court, as well as Saint Paul’s Cathedral, are some of his most notable London works. His work included parts of Kensington Palace. 

Wren was responsible for rebuilding various churches throughout London. St. Paul’s Cathedral was one of those churches. On that note, the cathedral is an excellent example of Baroque design, and there are several residential Baroque designs throughout the city. However, there are a lot more just outside of London. 


The Georgians expanded London beyond the city’s boundaries as a result of the Great Fire of London. There are dozens of examples of Georgian architecture across the city. 

Furthermore, this was around the time when housing was built for profit. Multiple properties were built in just a single go. Before this, individual dwellings were built. 

The Georgians focused on building estates in London. This included the Bedford Estate and Grosvenor. In the central areas of London is where you can see many Georgian buildings. 

When Georgians were working to build London, the above estates were bounded by the countryside. Not only that, but garden squares were built right on the fronts of the city homes. The estates were mainly terraces, red brick, and featured tall windows. 

If you want to see great examples of this type of architecture, then head over to Bedford Square or Grosvenor Square in Mayfair. 


This architecture is defined as the period right after the Georgian era ended. 

It might have only spanned for around nine years, but many of the residential buildings in central London were built at this time. 

Homes that were built throughout this period feature white stucco on the front. 

One of the top architects at the time was John Nash. John undertook the task to design Regent Street. He also was tasked with laying out and designing St James’ and Regent Park. His best-known work was the redesign of Buckingham Palace. 

He redesigned the palace for King George IV. However, Nash was fired by the King because he could not afford to have his designs built. Compared to the Georgian style, regency designs are intricate. 

If you want to see regency architecture, then head to Regent Park. The roads surrounding the park is filled with regency designs. The same goes for areas like Belgravia. 


Buckingham Palace

After the industrial revolution, the Victorian era started to take place. This era is defined as the revival of intricate architectural styles. 

Some of the works that are good examples of Victorian designs include the Houses of Parliament and St Pancras Station. Such places have a Gothic touch to them. 

The Victorian era was also when mass housing was introduced. This means you can find plenty of examples of Victorian designs right on your street. 

Many Victorian homes in the city were built with the middle class in mind because many in the middle classes experienced real wealth. In fact, it was the first time for many people in a middle-class status. 

However, the Victorians were also the ones building homes for those who were working in nearby factories. They also worked on properties for the poor. This was a significant turning point for those living in London, as it allowed many sections of society to live in homes that were well-constructed and adequately taken care of. 

Slums started to be created in eastern areas of the city. This included the areas of Spitalfields and Whitechapel. More and more people were relocating to London with the hopes of finding work.


The Edwardians followed in the footsteps of the Victorians. They built many more homes throughout London. A lot of the houses were built in a terraced style. 

Throughout the Edwardian era, mass-homes were continued to be built. However, the style of homes was bigger than the ones built in the previous century. The design also saw the staffing quarters removed because there weren’t many people needing staff in their homes.

Homes built in this area were bigger and more spacious than the homes built in the Victorian era. They were also built on larger plots. Areas such as Hampstead Garden Suburb and Dulwich is where you can see great examples of Edwardian designs.  

Art Deco

There is no shortage of Art Deco designs in London. These can be found everywhere from Southgate Underground Station to the Balham’s Du Cane Court. 

Another good example is the apartment blocks that are found across London. St John’s Wood is home to many Art Deco designs. 

Post-War Architecture

Various areas of the city were bombed during the Second World War. This meant that many buildings had to be rebuilt. High rise blocks were built to ensure that residential housing could be made quickly. 

Examples of post-war designs include the Trellick Tower. Another example is the Barbican. The Trellick Tower was designed by Erno Goldfinger. 

Present Day

Tall apartment blocks continued to be built by developers. Now, the city is home to many high rise buildings that can be seen from afar. However, the designs today are more upscale and luxurious than the designs of the 70s and the 60s.

New homes have been built throughout and around London. However, these have been built mainly on plots where buildings once stood, but have since become demolished. 

Some of the homes are found within larger development projects in areas such as Barking Riverside, which are areas that tend to have more space.

The old buildings that we find in London require a lot of care to preserve the historical beauty, by continued restoration work and ongoing building surveys, so we can enjoy the centuries of building work in our great capital city of London.

Travel around London and spot the various types of building and their associated history

My Top 10 Attractions You Must See In London

city of london

A visit to the capital city would not be complete unless you experience these top 10 London attractions.

From the renowned Tower of London to the London Eye, the top 10 London tourist attractions are must-see’s on any sighting trip to London.

What is even better is that many of these landmarks in London are free to see, while others have special offers or discounted entry when you use a London Pass.

Be sure to use the London attractions map to find all of them and your way around this great city.

There are many kid-friendly places that you can visit in London. Explore the interactive science and technology at the Science Museum or see the underwater creatures up close at SEA LIFE London Aquarium. Both are ideal for fun family days visiting London.

At the various London museums, you can soak up plenty of cultures, or take the perfect photos with Big Ben, visit Buckingham Palace, or many of the other iconic places to visit in London.

Don’t miss out on the best attractions in London with the following being my top places to visit:

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Learn Tango, Salsa, Classical Ballet Or More Within London

dancing the tango in London

When it comes to learning more about dancing, London is arguably one of the best cities in the world to do so, it doesn’t matter if you are a beginner with two left feet, or an experienced dancer looking to perfect your technical skills.

London capital

London is home to the internationally-renowned West End and the Royal Opera House, the base for Royal Ballet, and consequently, London has become a hub for some of the best professional dancers, dancing education institutions and amateur dance fans in the world.

The British capital city has embraced multiculturality, and as a result, there is a wide variety of disciplines on offer.

A dancer who finds themselves in London will seldom run out of dance classes to try. It doesn’t matter what your skill level is, dance teachers in the city are passionate about their art form and thrive on sharing their knowledge with students.

You are sure to find yourself twirling and spinning like Twinkle Toes in no time. So, be sure to take advantage of the vibrant dance scene and learn a new style today.

Lessons At A London Dance Academy

Lots of dance schools in London have classes that are open to all skill levels from beginner to professional.

Dance teaching in the city can be described as accessible and high-quality, whether you want to learn the Tango, Salsa, belly dancing or classical ballet, the quality tutorship on offer will mean you won’t want to miss your next class.

To ensure you attend the right dance class for your ability and goals, you need to evaluate your expectations.

ballerina in london

Are you looking to learn advanced technical skills that will form the bases for a solid professional career in the competitive dancing arena?

If so, you are probably going to have to register for a program that will mean making major changes to your daily routine.

If you are simply hoping to learn how to improve your coordination and pick up a new dance style, you can choose a class that only takes up a few hours each week. Most people sign up to dancing classes with the aim of having fun while they learn new skills.

Dance lessons can open up a new world of body transformation and creativity. You can attend individual, group or couples classes depending on what you are looking to achieve. A lot of the teachers in London are practising professional dancers so they can help you maintain a graceful posture, improve physical confidence and increase flexibility.

london tango dancers

Dancing has many health benefits. To begin with, any type of dancing requires you to use your body in some unique ways, so you’ll soon notice muscle growth in some unexpected areas.

Between stretching for flexibility and intensive cardio work, you will be improving the fitness and strength of your body for years to come.

A strong, well-toned body is sure to age better and improving your physical fitness levels can help you to cope better with the challenges of a chaotic city lifestyle.

Jump Into The Social Dance Scene

Once you’ve mastered some moves, you need to take to the dance floor. Exploring the social dance scene in London is a great way to make new friends and have fun perfecting your techniques in a relaxed atmosphere.

social dancing

There are lots of dance meetups and venues in London. For instance, you could join Tango-Space for an
Milonga dancing evening with friends, or start with just learning more about Argentina’s most famous traditional Tango dance in London.

Learning the steps with other beginners is a great way to have a laugh, and after tuition, you can enjoy the Milonga (a Tango dance party) complete with live band.

Take Dance Classes In Your Local Neighbourhood

There are opportunities to learn how to dance in almost every London neighbourhood. Local community centres and cultural organisations can advise you as to where the best classes are.

Local communities are often desperate to share their culture and skills with beginners, so you are sure to find dance classes offering opportunities to learn styles of dance from across the globe.

Get More Technical With A Private Tutor

If group classes and a fixed training schedule are not for you, you might want to book some dance lessons with a private tutor.

During private dance sessions, you will have the dance professional’s undivided attention, and you will be able to focus on the dance steps that you want to master during your time together.


Lots of professionally trained dancers provide private tuition when they are not competing. These professionals are happy to share their knowledge and experience with all their students.

Keep in mind that not all dance teachers have their own studios so they might want to travel to you. Also, you need to be aware of the prices.

Private session rates vary depending on what level of teaching you want and whether or not you are purchasing a single session or a group of classes.

Hopefully, you found this introduction to the London dance scene helpful. I hope you decide to begin or continue your journey with dancing across the city of London.

London Skyline

Fine Architecture And Magnificent Buildings In Our Great City Of London

The city of London is known far and wide for its exquisite, architectural features. These encompass all of the elements from contemporary to traditional, gothic to art deco, new to old and all of the in-between styles that are projected on hundreds of buildings in the city’s capital.

I have detailed a few of what I feel are fantastic building and architecture in the London

The Shard

the shard

The Shard was completed in 2012 by the designer Renzo Piano and is known as one of the most famous and dazzling skyscrapers of London.

Renzo Piano found his inspiration for his 95-floor masterpiece from the railway lines that stretch to almost every corner of London. The Shard is the keeper of a beautiful viewing gallery, a hotel, numerous offices, and several restaurants.

The Shard was designed and created based on the concept of a city that would be talked about for a long time, the vertical city. As such, in excess of 1000 foot, towers the city as being among the tallest structures located in Europe.

So, if you’re ever in London, be sure to visit The Shard and experience a stunning view from its observatory, or sample the food at a restaurant or simply spend a night at the Shangri-La Hotel.

Tower Bridge

tower bridge

Within the city of London, several bridges connect each part of the south to each part of the north. However, as time changes, so do the design of the bridges found in London, all having unique and fascinating personalities.

The Tower Bridge has been declared by Sir Horace Jones as a famous 19th century landmark, connecting Tower Hamlets to Southwark, with its two bridges that were joined by that of horizontal walkways.

During 1977, the colour of the bridge was changed as they celebrated the Silver Jubilee of the Queen. With every passing year, the still operational bridge has been said to be raised a whopping 850 times each year.

Houses Of Parliament And Big Ben

houses of parliament and big ben

If ever you’re visiting London, you just can’t skip a trip to Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament!

The corners of Westminster are adorned with over 1000 glorious, historic years due to the Houses of Parliament.

Not to forget Big Ben, in the year 1858, the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the 13-tonne bell.

St. Paul’s Cathedral

St. Pauls Cathedral

London’s St. Paul’s Cathedral was designed by the first ever Fabric surveyor of the cathedral, Sir Christopher Wren.

St. Paul’s Cathedral contains some of the most pristine sculptures like that of Mother and Child: Hood by Henry Moore, numerous murals and mosaics. Ever since the beloved cathedral of St. Paul, that sits on Ludgate Hill, has been one of the most visited attractions of London.

As such, the cathedral has been said to be located on London’s highest point, and its beautiful dome was crafted by Wren’s churches spires.

Battersea Power Station

Battersea Power Station

River Thames’ south bank is home to the well-known Battersea Power Station located in south-west London.

Due to its more than 30 years of service, the Grade-II, coal powered station has made a name for itself and is considered a highly popular landmark of London.

And get this, the station is filled with beautiful interior and art decor, and it is said to be one of the largest build brick building in all of Europe.

The Gherkin

the gherkin

Located on 30 St Mary Axe at the middle of the financial district is the almost strange pickle like structure known as the Gherkin.

The Gherkin was designed by Norman Foster, the legendary architect and, the structure has been classified as one of the finer contemporary works of the city.

The Gherkin is home to the Helix restaurant where an entire 360 degree of the ever-famous London skyline can be witnessed.

Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey was referred to as St. Peter at Westminster back in the day and has been the home of England’s coronation church for well over 1000 years.

Westminster Abbey has seen its fair share of weddings, 16 possible weddings have taken place in the Abbey over the years and each year millions of visitors come from far and wide to view the astounding, works of architectural art and actual historical oil paintings that are contained within the building.

Westminster Abbey has quite the rich history and is known for having the oldest known altarpiece of England.

This is just a sample of some of the great buildings that are present and can be viewed in London that I recommend you take a look at

The City Of London, England

Welcome to the Charles Dickens London blog.

My name is James and I live in London and I have created this website to blog all the great things about the capital of England, being London.

So, London is the capital of England, United Kingdom.  Within London we have history stretching back to Roman times.

Within the centre of London stands the iconic Big Ben clock tower, although as we blog in 2019 Big Ben is currently undertaking a massive refurbishment.  Close to Big Ben are the amazing historical Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey, place of the British monarch coronations.

Just across the river Thames you will see the London eye, which is a great observation point (wheel) that provides fantastic views of London’s South Bank, along with panoramic views of the entire city.